Friday, May 23, 2008


Tacos - Wrap It Up


The Origin of Tacos:


TACO ORIGINS

Although the term taco comes from a Spanish word meaning “light snack”, the taco itself had its origins in pre-Hispanic times, when the Aztecs and other groups in their empire, using corn tortillas much as Europeans used bread, rolled the tortillas or broke them into pieces to scoop up food. The food being scooped was, of course, different in each region and the street taco as we know it today evolved from the rural areas of Mexico.

The campesinos’ wives, bringing them their mid-day meals in the fields, used the practical method of wrapping the day’s comida in tortillas. With the urbanization of Mexico and the movement of large groups of country people to the cities, came the proliferation of modest businesses offering the regional food to which the new arrivals were accustomed, in the form in which they were used to eating it. Thus, in Mexico City, the largest urban area of all, stands selling tacos de carnitas from Michoacan and Jalisco and tacos de barbacoa from Hidalgo and Tlaxcala sprang up along with many others offering taco specialties from nearly all parts of the country.

TACO BASICS

The regional differences in origin include differences in the type of tortillas used. Generally, the northern Mexican grilled meat tacos are wrapped in flour tortillas while corn tortillas dominate in the south. The size of the tortillas also vary, small corn tortillas being most the most common, with white corn tortillas preferred over the yellow ones for tacos. Because of their 3”- 4 " diameter size, the tortillas are usually doubled and tacos sold by una orden - an order - made up of two or three. The large majority of tacos are made with soft tortillas, the exception being tacos dorados, which are fried until crispy.

Methods of preparation also vary, which is why different taquerías - taco stands - and puestos - ambulatory carts which usually set up shop at the same place daily - have different cooking equipment. Whether the taco filling is fried, grilled or steamed depends on the kind of filling being used, with each stand having its specialty. The equipment used will be described under the taco categories below.

Nearly all taqueros - taco vendors - use a huge block of wood - tronco - resembling a tree trunk, and an impressively sharp cleaver with which to hack the meat swiftly and skillfully into bite-size pieces that get scooped into the taco in the blink of an eye. It really is a joy to watch the coordination and rhythm of movement an experienced taquero has developed.

Next come the garnishes, with chopped onion and cilantro often automatically added by the taquero unless asked not to. The stand will usually have an array of salsas for the customer to add to taste: the fresh chopped salsa known as salsa casera; a cooked red salsa made with dried chiles; a tomatillo-based green salsa; and a guacamole-type salsa, looser than the guacamole made for dipping with tortilla chips, but the perfect consistency for dribbling on tacos.

Also present are the ubiquitous limones, the lime wedges that seem to get squeezed on nearly everything. Many types of tacos, such as the grilled norteño beef tacos, are eaten with grilled cebollitas, or green onions. Radishes and cucumbers are also often found chopped and set out with the salsas at taco stands. In the realm of street food, nothing is quite as much fun as customizing your own tacos.

Many foreigners come to Mexico with the idea that they can get tacos any time, but this is not generally true. Looking for tacos around midday, perhaps at the time of the gringo lunch, will not normally be a successful pursuit. Tacos are either a morning treat or a nighttime snack, pretty much disappearing between the hours of noon and six p.m. This is because the main meal in Mexico is eaten in the afternoon. Not to worry: by about six the smell of meat begins to permeate the air and the taquerías are back in business.

TACO STREET SMARTS

Whether you prefer to eat at a table in a more upscale sidewalk restaurant, or standing up over a counter, you will never need to remember the words for “knife” or “fork” since these clever little self-contained bundles are ready to eat with the fingers. You should, however, remember the following tips for safe, healthy eating:

Go to a stand where other people are eating. Whether in a big city, town or village, the locals know what’s good, clean and safe.

Go to a stand that “specializes” in a particular type of taco. They will have limited preparation equipment to keep clean, and a limited inventory of ingredients to keep fresh. This is basically the same advice given for eating in restaurants anywhere; the bigger the variety of food on the menu, the greater the possibility of something going wrong.

Use your senses. Look and smell. Is the place clean? If frying is taking place, is the cooking oil or lard clear or does it look like what gets taken out when your car gets an oil change? Does the meat smell good or do you detect an “off” odor?

Remember that the customer has an opportunity at a taco stand not available in restaurants: that of watching the preparation, the cleanliness of the cook’s hands and cooking utensils. For this reason, many people feel safer eating in the street.

Avoid places that are right at the edge of the sidewalk or curb, especially along busy streets. Traffic and wind both stir up dust, especially during the dry season.

Try it! If you like the looks, smell and filling ingredients offered at a taco stand, by all means try it. Some of the tastiest food in Mexico is street food, and only a lack of common sense will stand between the visitor and some terrific eating experiences. Many people say that if you don’t eat on the street you’re missing Mexico.